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Crossroads Alaska:
Native Cultures
of Alaska
and Siberia


Chukchi | Their Neighbors | Chukchi Evironment | Neighbors' Environment

The Chukchi are the native Siberians of Chukotka, the far northeast corner of Siberia. Chukotka, including the Chukchi Peninsula, is region of Asia separated from Alaska at the Bering Strait. The Chukchi are both coastal hunters of sea mammals and interior reindeer breeders and herders.  Dogs played a role in the historic cultures of both groups.

Who are the Chukchi?   Here are resources from anthropology, history and genetics on the native peoples of Siberia, useful in a search for an answer.

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Clink link to order Antler on the Sea
Antler on the Sea:
The Yup'ik and Chukchi of the
Russian Far East


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Arctic Adaptations:
Native Whalers &
Reindeer Herders
of Northern Eurasia

including Chukchi


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Raven and the
Rock: Storytelling
in Chukotka


Click link to order Shaman's Coat
The Shaman's
Coat:  A Native
History of Siberia


Clink link to order A History of the Peoples of Siberia
A History of the Peoples of Siberia:
Russia's North
Asian Colony


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The Predicament of Chukotka's Indigenous Movement : Post-
Soviet Activism in the Russian Far North


The Chukchi of Northeast Siberia   [ Top ]

Overview & Origins

The Chukchi: a Siberian people "rich in reindeer" who came to the Bering Strait region after the Eskimo people, and Chukchi genetic origins

Chukchi: from the Centre for Russian Studies, Norway, plus a Chukchi man and more about the peoples of Russia & Siberia

Chukchi Peoples: their history, origin in lands around the Sea of Okhotsk, subsistence, relations with the Russians, picturess, and references - Wikipedia

Chukchi Ancestors: early people in Chukotka, seen through archaeology and seen through ancient rock art on northeast Siberia's Pegtymel River flowing into the Chukchi Sea, showing boats and reindeer hunting, and more about the 1,000 year old Pegtymel rock art. More about the Chukchi in cultural context.

Chukchi Origins: what recent genetic research tells us, as published in scientific articles about both mtDNA and Y chromosome research, about the Chukchi, Koryak and others, from WorkingDogWeb, and migrations to Central Asia and into Siberia, including reindeer Chukchi, from Spencer Wells

Paleolithic Origins of the Chukchi: and their Siberian neighbors as well as of the Native peoples of North and South Americas who have genetic connections with the peoples of Asia

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The Journey of
Man:  A Genetic

Chukchi Culture & Language

Chukchi Culture: tents of Chukchi and Siberian peoples, tattooing among Eskimo and Chukchi, a leather mask, sleighs & tools, rituals plus more on rituals, rock carving and myths of the reindeer Chukchi

Chukchee Cultures & People: the maritime and reindeer peoples, and reflections on reindeer Chukchi life by a modern writer

Chukchi Culture: with mythology, lifestyle, history, genetic links, pictures

Chukchi Language & People: 70% of Chukchi speak their own language, and more on the Chukchee & Language and Eastern & Western dialects

Chukchi & Koriak Languages: with Russian and native words

Chukchi Photographs and 130 photographs with sled dog teams, a pair of dogs helping a hunter haul home a seal, hunters resting sled dog teams, the village of Uelen, plus links to photos of other northern people

Chukotka: an ethnographic site with map, facts including lists of the region's districts and villages, photos including the Anadyr River, the Chukchi people, reindeer camps and in the bottom photo a native dog

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A Dream in
Polar Fog

Reindeer Chukchi: life of the reindeer Chukchi, in words and pictures, including sleighs, tools, clothing and dogs outside, dogs in the yaranga or tent, dogs in the four seasons

Reindeer Chukchee: the lives of a nomadic reindeer people, and a child's introduction to the Reindeer Chukchee

Shamanism among the Chukchi: rituals, talismans, beliefs, and more, with pictures

Reindeer Chukchi Rituals: rituals of the fall celebration, use of fly agaric, elder "reads" reindeer shoulder blade to determine night of the ceremony - transcript of documentary "Pegtymel," named for northeast Siberia's Pegtymel River, site of ancient rock art

Crossroads of Continents Exhibit: Siberia & Alaska: meet the Chukchi, Koryak, Even, Amur River people in Siberia, Eskimo, Aleut, more

Jesup Expedition to Northeast Siberia: collection of photographs of the North Pacific peoples including the Ainu, Chukchi, and Itelmen of Siberia and others

Reindeer Chukchi Sports: races, wrestling, shooting competitions, ball games - and reindeer racing, recorded as early as 1700s and continued today following Kil'vei ceremony celebrating the birth of new fawns.

Clink link to order Drawing Shadows to Stone
Drawing Shadows
to Stone: Photos of
the Jesup North
Pacific Expedition


Native Peoples of Kamchatka: brief introductions to the Koryak, Itelmen, Evens and Evenki, Chukchi and Aleuts

People of Siberia: info on 14 native peoples of northern Siberia from the Chukchi and Koryak to Samoyed peoples, with map, photos, and more on
the role of wild and domestic reindeer in their lives
· their domestic life including tents, reindeer sleds
· objects for hunting & domestic & religious life

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Tent Life
in Siberia

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People and the Land:
Pathways to Reform in
Post-Soviet Siberia


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Arctic Mirrors: Russia and the
Small Peoples of the North

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The Forgotten
of Siberia

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East of the Sun:
The Epic Conquest
and Tragic History
of Siberia


Click link to order Siberian Survival - Nenets)
Siberian Survival:
The Nenets and
Their Story


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Tundra Passages : Gender and History in the Russian Far East
About the Koryak


Clink link to order Ancient People of the Arctic
Ancient People
of the Arctic


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Aleuts, Survivors of
the Bering Land


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Ancient Encounters:
Kennewick Man
and the First


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Eskimos of
Siberia &
North America

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The First Americans:
In Pursuit of Archaeology's Greatest Mystery



Neighbors of the Chukchi    [ Top ]


Ancient Circumpolar World: seeking connections between the ancient peoples of northern Asia and Native Americans

ArcticCircle: Links to Northern Culture & Peoples: includes Peopling of Siberia, circumpolar history timetables, portraits of Arctic peoples

Arctic Peoples & Languages: of Eurasia, Siberia, Alaska USA, Canada and Greenland, known today as Yup'ik, Inuit and Inupiaq, with maps, history, and a map with languages of many minority groups of Eurasia

Ekven burial ground & settlement - Uelen, Chukotka: this 500 BC to 1000 AD site gives a look at Early Whale Hunter cultures, includes walrus ivory tools, human burial in a boat, dog burial. Ekven shamaness burial

Eskimos: native people of Arctic and sub-Arctic seacoasts of North America and the northeastern tip of Siberia

First Societies of the Circumpolar North: resources including:
· Aboriginal People of the Russian North
· Aboriginal People of the North American North

Indigenous Peoples of the North: from Alaska, Canada and Greenland to Scandinavia including the Saami, and Russian/Siberian peoples


Aboriginal People of the Russia North: resources on the Aleut, Chukchi, Koryak, Eskimo, Evenk, Itelmen, Nikvh and many more

Ainu & Gilyak or Nivkh of Sakhalin Island: as well as the Orok, a Tungus reindeer-breeding people. Note: Ainu used harpoons, aconite in hunting

Aleuts of the Commander Islands, 200 miles west of the Aleutians

Eskimos of Siberia & North America: guide to these native peoples

Indigenous People of Siberia & Russian Far East: click on Peoples for map showing homelands of Chukchi, Even, Evenk, Sami, Yukagir, many more

Koryaks: history, language, culture of Koryaks, Chukchi's neighbors to the south on Kamchatka Peninsula, with photos of Koryak sled dogs, and a bibliography of materials on Koryaks, Chukchi, more

Kamchatka's Peoples: Koryak, Itelmen, and neighboring Chukchi, Aleut

Languages of the Peoples of Russia & Siberia: see map for peoples including Chukchi, Koryak, Itelmen, Eskimo, Yukagir and more, including the PaleoSiberian languages of Northeast Siberia that are also called
the PaleoAsian languages [see bottom of page]

Native Folks of Siberia: with photographs of the Chukchi of Northeast Siberia, and the Ainu, Itelmen and Nivkh of Kamchatka and the Lower Amur River region, with photos of sled dogs of the Itelmen

Native People of Siberia: the Altaic, Uralic and Paleo-Siberian groups of peoples, with links to information

Peoples of the Russian North and Far East:  including the Chukchi, Koryak, Evenki and more

Photo Gallery including Chukchi, Evenk, Nenets, other reindeer people

Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire:
info on 85 peoples of Russia and Siberia, Chukchi, Koryak, Itelmen, Eskimo, Yukagir, Evenks, more

Reindeer Herding Gallery: photos of Siberian people with deer & dogs that are like ancestors to Samoyeds [use Russian text links, arrows]

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Peoples of the
Tundra: Northern Siberians in the Post-Communist Transition


Reindeer Herding Peoples: with links to the Chukchi, Even and Evenki, Koryak, Nenets, more on Nenets, Sami, people of Mongolia, more

Reindeer Hunting & Herding Peoples: across Siberia, including Chukchi, Even and Evenki, Koryak, Ket, Nenet, Ngansan and more

Reindeer Herding - Status: map with many Siberian locations

Rock Art in Russian Far East & Siberia: a window on ancient cultures

Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North: news, events, library and a database on history, cultures of many peoples including the Evenks, Itelmen, Kets, Khanty, Nivkh and Orochs   [click names]


Alaska's Native Peoples & Languages: with a clickable map

Canada's First Nations - Arctic: from Paleo-Eskimo Dorset people through the Thule Eskimo, 4,000 years of Arctic survival

Eskimo Peoples of North America: including archaeology, history

Eskimos of Siberia & North America: guide to these native peoples

Inuit of Canada: and their ancestors, the Dorset and Thule people

Mammoth Trumpet Archives:  early Americans, connections with Asia and Siberia, more, from the Center for the Study of the First Americans

Native Peoples of Canada:  including ancient links
to Beringia, Asia
· Paleoarctic or Beringian Tradition: a culture
   linking Siberia, Alaska and the Yukon as early
   as 13,000-10,000 BP
· Early Paleo-Eskimo Cultures: culture dated to
   2,500 BC in Canada,with origins rooted in the
   cultures of Neolithic northeastern Siberia
Middle Paleo-Eskimo or Dorset Culture: 1,000
   B.C. to 500 A.D., an era of reduced caribou
   hunting, increased marine mammal hunting
· Thule Culture: classic Eskimo culture, from
   1000 A.D. - 1600 A.D.

Paleo-Eskimo & Dorset & Thule: the native peoples of Arctic or northern Canada

Experience Ice  Age
life of the first
people to migrate
from Siberia to

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People of the Wolf
(The First North
Series - Book 1)

Discover all the
First North
Americans Books

Clink link to order The Palaeolithic of Siberia
The Paleolithic
of Siberia

Clink link to order Ancient People of the Arctic
Ancient People
of the Arctic


Clink link to order Drawing Shadows to Stone
Drawing Shadows
to Stone


Clink link to order Arctic Archaeology


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American Beginnings:
The Prehistory and
of Beringia


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Shamanic Worlds:
Rituals and Lore
of Siberia and
Central Asia


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Eskimos of Siberia
& North America

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above for a
search box
to find books
ANY topic.


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Chukchi Origins:
from Genetics

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Environment of the Chukchi   [ Top ]

Ancient Circumpolar World: with maps of Beringia and its ice shelves, productive hunting territory for early people

Beringia or Bering Land Bridge:  the Ice Age region at the Bering Strait between Siberia and Alaska, home to ancestors of the Chukchi and the Siberian and American Eskimo peoples

Beringia:  more about this Ice Age land, with map & text, plus the geology, changes in size as climate changed at different times, flora and fauna, marine mammals, and earliest peoples of Beringia

Chukchi Land and Sea: photographs of Chukota and people

Chukotka: its economy, culture, weather, more, and a looks at the environment of Chukotka plus today's population of Chukotka, not only the Chukchi, people "rich in reindeer," but many other groups

Chukotka: a fine site on Chukota and its people, with a good map plus
· Chukotka Facts - including villages, detailed map
a visit to Anadyr - the capital city
a visit to Snezhnoe - a village 300 km up the Anadyr River from Anadyr
Chukchi walrus tusk carvings of native life, hunting, reindeer sledding
· Chukchi language - with a recording [wav file] of an ancedote 
Chukchi Ethnography Published Sources

Chukotka's Anadyr River: this major watershed is made up of three main rivers - Anadyr, Velikaya and Kanchalan - with important salmon runs

Chukotka Home Page: a business site with good maps of region

Chukotka Map: in relation to Siberia, Kamchatka, Alaska

Chukchi Peninsula Tundra: information on ecosystem, photos

Chukotka Travel: with weather, geography and Chukchi information

Chukotka Today: "Ice Curtain Thaws" - Christian Science Monitor story

Chukotka Tundra & Village: photographs of the land

Ruins of a Whalebone House: at Avan near Provideniya, Chukotka

nvironment of Circumpolar Neighbors   [ Top ]

Arctic Roadmap: with links to environmental and ethnological information, and more Arctic Links & Resources

Bering Land Bridge National Preserve - Alaska: a segment of ancient Beringia and its plants, animals preserved on the Seward Peninsula

Eastern Siberia - Map: see the Chukchi Peninsula, Kamchatka Peninsula, Sakhalin Island and Alaska in relation to each other

Kamchatka Peninsula: home to 29 active volcanoes, rich wildlife including Eurasia's major brown bear population

Kamchatka: A Living Eden: PBS site filled with stories, photography

Kamchatka Photographs & Kamchatka in Winter:  snow-covered volcanoes

Kamchatka Resources: natural resources, history and much more

Taiga and Tundra: home to the reindeer hunters and herders of Siberia

Clink link to order Alaska 1899
Alaska 1899


Clink link to order A Legacy of Arctic Art
A Legacy of
Arctic Art


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Arctic Adaptations: Native
Whalers & Reindeer Herders
of Northern Eurasia

Clink link to order Arctic Hunter

Clink link to order Siberian Light
Siberian Light


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